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Down Syndrome Screening in Pregnancy: What You Should Understand

Down Syndrome Screening in Pregnancy: What You Should Understand

One of several very first decisions for numerous partners is whether to own Down syndrome assessment in maternity. If you elect to test, you can find 2 main choices – non-invasive prenatal evaluation (NIPT) and also the nuchal translucency. Although individuals frequently think the assessment is simply for Down syndrome, we additionally display screen for a few other chromosomal that is common. These tests happen between days 10-14.

What exactly are chromosomal issues?

Our DNA (hereditary information) is organised in long strands called chromosomes. Usually, one has 46 chromosomes, organised into 23 pairs. Often, a child develops with a number that is abnormal of. This results in a number of developmental dilemmas. Probably the most typical chromosomal issues are:

  • Down problem (Trisomy 21): brought on by having a copy that is extra of 21. The possibility of Down syndrome increases aided by the chronilogical age of mom. Individuals with Down problem have characteristic look, specific health conditions plus some disability that is intellectual.
  • Edwards problem (Trisomy 18) and Patau problem (Trisomy 13): rarer than Down problem but worse. Regrettably, most infants with Edwards or Patau problem will perish through the maternity or soon after delivery.

Assessment Tests versus Diagnostic Tests

Both NIPT and translucency that is nuchal assessment tests. Assessment tests let you know exactly how most likely it really is that your particular child includes a chromosomal problem.